1945: Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Today
July 1945
Highlights:
Boating at Jackson Park
Hal's party
Outside Gus' Tavern
Alamogordo
Buckingham Fountain
Potato pancakes & Scotch broth
Job hunt
Benny Goodman

-
Grant Park band shell, 1940s


The United Artists theatre; lobby poster for The Clock.



On Monday evening, Dot, Jim, Sis and Sunny saw The Clock, downtown at the United Artists. They may have also seen this newsreel.

Images via allposters.com, photoeye.com CUNY.

Sunday
July 1
1945

Today, Jim and I went to the Southtown in the afternoon and then came home and went to Grant Park to hear the concert. It was very good, but kind of cold outside.

Then Sis, Sunny, Jim and I went to the United Artists and saw The Clock. Jim was really very chummy there, which is one thing I can't stand in a show. Afterwards, we came straight home.

Oh—I did get my goodnite kiss.”


Sis comments:

Boy, two shows in one day! How about that. We used to go to Grant Park concerts quite often in the summer. Mostly we went when they had an Armed Services band, or some popular ‘swing’ orchestra. Not exactly your classical stuff!

It sounds like Jim is annoying someone... ”

Notes:

  • The curvy Grant Park band shell (top left) near 11th St. was replaced in the late 1950s by a new, square shell, at Adams St. and Columbus Drive. That venue remains, but for most concerts it has now been supplanted by the new Pritzker Pavilion, in Millennium Park.

Today's news:

  • FREE CONCERTS AT GRANT PARK - The 11th annual summer season of free concerts [has begun] in the band shell on the lake front opposite 11th st., [and] will be presented by the specially organized Grant Park Symphony orchestra. [...] Seats have been provided for 25,000 persons, and thousands more may hear the music from adjacent lawn areas. Amplifying equipment will carry the concert as far as the steps of the (Field) museum. —Chicago Tribune
  • The Cubs split a double header against the Giants at New York; the Sox take two from the Yankees: 11-4 and 6-5.

--
clockwise: Herb, Dot, Ginny and Jim

Monday
July 2
1945

Herb called at noon today. Jim came over at 12:30 and found out Herb was coming over, so Jim said he would,too. Herb came later on, and then Ginny. Jim had his car, so we 4 went for a ride to the lake, and walked around the lake.

Gee, a lot of Herb's ideas have changed. He really acts on the level with me.

Jim took Herb and I home, and then Herb and I went and had a beef dinner at Parnell Restaurant (1:45).”


Sis comments:

I really can't understand the part Jim played in all this. Did Ginny and Jim walk together by the lake, as a couple? Those two were usually more brotherly and sisterly together, like Hal & Dot were.

So Jim took them home and then dropped Herb off. I can't recall any of this or I would've been asking some of these questions of Dot.

Now eating a beef dinner at 1:45 a.m. I can understand!”

Today's news:

  • The USS Barb bombards Japanese installations on Kaihyo Island, Japan— the first successful use of rockets against shore positions.
  • DISCLOSE REDS' PROPAGANDA IN ARMY'S PAPERS - It Follows the Program Lenin Advanced: Soviet propaganda is being fed to American soldiers in Europe by Communists who have eased themselves into editorial chairs of the army's newspapers, according to members of the house military affairs subcommittee. —Chicago Daily Tribune
  • The White Sox and Yankees split their double header.
  • New on the Hit Parade this week: Stars and Stripes on Iwo Jima, by Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys [audio clip here]

--
Sunny, Dot and Sis

Tuesday
July 3
1945

Herb called at noon again and wanted to know when he could see me. Jim came over at 12:30 and stayed till 3:15; made a date for tonight.

Uncle Al (Levit., Cal.) flew in from Manila today and is staying with us for a visit.

Later in the eve., Jim came and went to Sunny's hse. Picked Sis and Sunny up and then went to the carnival on 47th & Damen. Took a 69th-Ashland car home, so had to walk from 63rd & Ashland to 63rd & Normal. I think I saw Herb.”


Sis comments:

Uncle Al was Mom's stepbrother. He was an officer in the Army and was a Major Colonel, I believe. (A bit of history: Uncle Al was on the USS Missouri when the peace treaty between the U.S. and Japan was signed.) A nice man, but a little aloof.

There was always a good carnival at 47th & Damen (called the Back of the Yards then). Our grandfather lived a few blocks from there for many years, and so we were very familiar with the area.

Boy, we sure got our exercise walking around so much!”

Notes:

  • It's about 12 long blocks from 63rd & Ashland Ave. to 63rd & Normal Blvd.

Today's news:

  • CUBS, WITH 28 HITS, CRUSH BRAVES, 24-2: Boston, July 3 - Phil Cavarretta and Don Johnson led the Chicago attack by hitting safely five times each in their seven tries. [...] In the ninth, Whitey Wietelmann quit second base to take over the Braves' pitching mound and stepped into a six-run explosion. Andy Pafko made four hits and Tommy Livingston three, one of them the only homer of the twenty-eight-hit Bruin slugfest. —The New York Times
  • General Douglas MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines.
  • In Berlin, rumors that Hitler is still alive begin to spread.
  • The Senators beat the Sox 12-2.
  • Birthdays today: playwright Neil Simon (18); Chicago-born presidential grandson Ulysses S. Grant III (64).

--

Wednesday
July 4
1945

Stayed home all afternoon, and in the evening, Sis, Sunny and I went to the beach.

Met Jim later on and he and I had a big argument. Seems he doesn't like the way I've been acting lately— kind of sarcastic and snooty. He's more observant than I thought.

He also said he didn't care what I do or where I go, but that when I'm with him, I shouldn't talk about other fellows.”


Sis comments:

“Jim finally shows a little backbone. I was beginning to think he hadn't any!

I like the way Dot says he was more observant than she'd thought. A guy would had to have had blinders on not to see what's going on. I think Dot would've thought better of him if he had said all this sooner.”

Today's news:

  • A CHEERFUL NOTE IS HEARD AGAIN ON U. S. BIRTHDAY - But War Still to Be Won Dominates Events: Chicago and the nation today will celebrate the first Fourth of July since Victory in Europe day with more of a spirit of joy than marked the sober observances of the last three years.

Altho victory over Japan is still to come, many service men and women who are thru with war or have won a respite from it will be able to attend home celebrations of this 169th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. Millions of wives and parents whose fear of tragic news is ended will join wholeheartedly in the observances. [...]

An ‘On To Tokyo’ firework display will conclude a program (at Soldier Field). This will depict the raising of the flag on Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima Island. —Chicago Daily Tribune

  • At Boston, the Cubs take two from the Braves, 5-3 and 7-6.
  • Sox lose to the Senators twice, 5-4 and 11-2.
  • Birthdays today: playwright Neil Simon (18); Chicago-born presidential grandson Ulysses S. Grant III (64).

--

A scene from Identity Unknown, with Richard Arlen as a soldier suffering from amnesia.

Thursday
July 5
1945

Herb called at noon and made a date for tonight. Jim came over after school and we argued some more.

Herb came at 7:00 and we went to Parnell and had a Cherry Coke. Then went to the Stratford and saw Identity Unknown. Ate 3 boxes of choc. covered raisins in the show.

After the show, we walked around and then went to China Clipper for delicious Chop Suey. Gosh, he is sweet —and man, what a technique.”


Sis comments:

Dot loved chocolate-covered raisins, and I guess 3 boxes proved it! I always bought the choc.-covered peanuts, and she, the raisins. Good thing we walked a lot.

Ah, yes, the China Clipper pops up again! The restaurant on the north side of 63rd St., as you established for all of us! Herb was a big spender and liked his food, too!”

Notes:

  • Sis asked if I could help with a controversy: Was the China Clipper (long since gone) on the north or the south side of 63rd? At the library, I found the restaurant listed in a 1945 Chicago phone book (dial WEntworth 9292). The address was 654 W. 63rd St. —the north side [map]. She'd lost her bet.
  • The side of the China Clipper building had a large mural, done by an Englewood painter, depicting the famous Clipper airplane in flight.
  • Update: a diary reader (who once lived near Dot) writes to say “the China clipper Restaurant was at the west end of the Southtown's west parking lot. There was no building blocking the view of the mural. A White Castle was just west of the China Clipper and across the street from the Stratford theater.”
  • Know anything else about the China Clipper? Please drop me a line.

Today's news:

  • Australian Prime Minister John Curtin (60) dies while in office.
  • The Cubs —now in second place— win their fifth in a row, 3-2 over the Braves.
  • The Sox lose their fifth straight to the Senators, 5-2.

--


Double feature today at the
Southtown Theatre: Thunderhead,
Son of Flicka
and Bring On The Girls.

Images via allposters.com, Hollywood Canteen

Friday
July 6
1945

Herb called at noon. Jim called at 6:00 and asked me to go to the show. So I obligingly said yes. We went to the Southtown and saw Bring On The Girls and Thunderhead [Son of Flicka]. After the show, we went to Parnell and sat on my front steps. I eeked with kindness.

He gets me made in the show. When I go to the show, I want to watch the picture, but he doesn't. Ohh, yow.”


Sis comments:

My advice to Dot would be: Don't go to the show with Jim! She's mentioned this so many times that you wonder if she ever brought it up to him.”

Today's news:

  • Black Market Thriving in Berlin Chaos: The black market which thrived under the Nazis is even more profitable in the present confusion attendant upon the redistribution of the allied zones of occupation. —Chicago Daily Tribune
  • ‘A Medal for Benny’ Is an Unusual Film: John Steinbeck was partly responsible for the story of this movie, and it has much of the flavor of ‘Tortilla Flat.’ A slow moving tale of a settlement of simple, poor Paisanos (part Spanish, part Indian) in a small California fishing village, it portrays their basic decency... —Mae Tinee, Chgo. Tribune
  • The Cubs beat the Phillies twice, 11-3 and 5-1.
  • Philadelphia A's 1, White Sox 0.
  • 19-year-old Gus Grissom (future astronaut) marries Betty Moore.
  • Born today: Burt Ward (Robin in the 1960s Batman tv show).

--

Jackson Park lagoon and boathouse

Photo from Chicago at the Turn of the Century in Photographs by Larry A. Viskochil; Dover Publications

Saturday
July 7
1945

Herb called again today, and Jim called too. Herb came at 7:15 with Jim L. and Ginny, and with the car. We went row boating at Jackson Park and gosh, we had a lot of fun.

We then sat in the car and were fooling around, and Herb and I were in the back seat. He kept kissing me on the ear, and he also is a whiz at tickling. I felt awful sick, so went in at 1:00.”


Sis comments:

I knew most of Herb's friends, but can't place a ‘Jim L.’”

Today's news:

  • BAN 450 MI. SLEEPER TRIPS - ORDER TO PLACE 900 MORE CARS AT GI DISPOSAL - ODT Action Result of Protests: Jolted by the nation-wide protest against crowded, dirty, and inadequately equipped trains in which service men are forced to ride, the office of defense transportation today ordered the discontinuance of civilian sleeping car service July 15 on all trips of 450 miles or less.
  • 600 B-29s RAID 5 JAP CITIES IN TOKYO'S VICINITY - Hurl Explosives as Well as Fire Bombs: About 600 Marianas-based Super Fortresses, probably a record number, struck five Japanese cities on Honshu early today with nearly 4,000 tons of incendiary and demolition bombs. —Chicago Daily Tribune
  • The Cubs win their eighth in a row, 3-0 over the Phillies.
  • The Sox beat the A's twice: 1-0 & 12-4.
  • Celebrating birthdays today: Ringo Starr (5), author David McCullough (12), artist Marc Chagall (58).

--

Bernard (Bernie) and Sis

Sunday
July 8
1945

Today, Sis, Son and I went to the beach about 3:00. Had a nice time.

Came home at 10:00 and who should come over but Herb and his boyfriend Bernard. We danced and fooled around playing pool. I was sitting on the hassock and Herb came behind me and put his arms around my waist. We were both awfully giggly but he was terribly affectionate. Kept mussing my hair, teasing me and kissing my ears.”


Sis comments:

Bernard was Bernie to us. A good buddy of Herb's and a lot of fun.”

Today's news:

  • CONGRESS TOLD WHAT TO READ TO BE WELL-RED - Library's ‘Best Books’ List Heavily Subversive: The Library of Congress today advised the nation's lawmakers to curl up with a good book this summer — preferably a work with a sound, communistic tinge. [...] Seventeen of these authors, nearly a third, have extensive affiliations with pro-communist organizations.
  • Cubs, Sox Play Tomorrow in Charity Game: The Cubs will arrive in Chicago from Philadelphia tomorrow afternoon to play an interleague game with the White Sox tomorrow night in Comiskey park for the benefit of the American Red Cross and the National War Fund. —Chicago Sunday Tribune
  • The Phillies lose to the Cubs, 12-6 & 9-2. The Cubs have won ten in a row.
  • The Sox take two from the Philadelphia A's, 5-4 & 3-2.

--

Dot and Sis, 1945

Monday
July 9
1945

Herb called at noon and Jim came over; invited me to Hal's party tomorrow. Then Sis and I went downtown. I bought a dress and Sis bought shoes.

Herb and Doots came over at 7:15, so we sat around talking and played a little pool. Then we went for a walk to Parnell. Had a banana split and Coke.

Herb and I came home and sat on the front steps talking about ‘True Love’ and fellows and girls. When he talks to me the sun shines, and so do I.”


Sis comments:

The pool table Dot talks about was only about the size of our card table, maybe a little bigger. We sure got a lot of use out of it though, and especially when the guys came over. I guess it was a gift to Sonny; we let him use it once in awhile!

‘When he talks to me the sun shines... Wow-I'm impressed.”

Today's news:

  • ARMY RESTORES BREWERIES FOR GIs IN GERMANY: The United States army in Europe has gone into the brewing industry in a big way. Robert G. Gadsby, assistant brewmaster of Anheuser Busch of St. Louis ... has just reorganized two famous breweries...
  • DDT FOG KNOCKS OUT MOSQUITOES, FLIES ON BEACH
  • CUBS TAKE FIRST PLACE
    (Headlines via Chicago Daily Tribune)
  • Three years old today: actor Richard Roundtree (Shaft).
  • Hit Parade this week: The More I See You - Dick Haymes [audio]; Bell Bottom Trousers - Tony Pastor [audio].

--


Dot and friends went downtown Tuesday night to see Wonder Man at the Woods theatre. The Goodman Theatre now occupies the site at Dearborn and Randolph Streets.

Tuesday
July 10
1945

Today, Marge and I went to Helen's mother's for our permanents. Mine came out swell but I got awful sick down there.

Got home at 7:00. Herb and Doots were over, but they knew I was going [to Hal's party] with Jim, so they left.

Jim came at 8:15. We went to Hal's, but the party was a flop. So Grace Hoff, Hal, Bob Plant, Jim and I went to the Woods to see Wonder Man. Had a grand time.”

Notes:

  • Baseball's All-Star game —originally scheduled for today— was cancelled in April. Travel concerns also have led to a higher-than-normal number of double-headers this season:

Despite risking public outrage, the Major League owners collectively decided to cancel the 1945 All-Star Game due to wartime travel restrictions. Initially, the entire season was in jeopardy as the American war effort against Japan was receiving full attention and resources. In February, a memo was sent out from the Office of Defense Transportation ensuring that the season could take place if all teams reduced their travel by twenty-five percent (as compared to the 1944 season).

Like most of America, both the league and its fans agreed to sacrifice and the Midsummer Classic was one of the first events to go. Originally scheduled to take place in Boston at Fenway Park, the affair was the first All-Star Game to be cancelled since its inception in 1933. According to Ford C. Frick, president of the National League, cutting out the contest would bring a significant savings with approximately 500,000-less passenger miles spent.baseball-almanac.com

Today's news:

  • U.S. aircraft raid 70 air bases in the Tokyo area, destroying 173 Japanese planes. Only light anti-aircraft fire is encountered.
  • The German submarine U-530, missing since the end of April, surfaces near Buenos Aires, igniting speculation that it ferried high-ranking Nazi officials to sanctuary in South America.
  • ‘DONT FENCE ME IN’ LEADS ALL RADIO SONG HITS - Heard by 700 Million on 4 Networks in Year: Cole Porter's Don't Fence Me In was the top song hit of the 1944-45 season. Porter also led the parade in favorite standard tunes. His perennially popular Begin the Beguine led this list.

In the hit parade ... I Dream of You was second, The Trolley Song third, and Johnny Mercer's Ac-cent-tchu-ate the Positive was fourth. The list of patriotic favorites showed Anchors Aweigh in the lead, followed by The Army Air Corps Song, The Marines' Hymn, You're a Grand Old Flag, and Over There. The Army Air Corps Song is the only song written during the present war. —Chicago Daily Tribune

--

U.S. forces close-in on Japan; a message from Admiral Halsey; women leathernecks; U.S. tightens control of the Phillippines (newsreel; 7-min.)

Wednesday
July 11
1945

Went down 63rd for awhile. Saw Honeymoon Ahead and A Sporting Chance at the Stratford. Stopped at the Minuet. Got home at about 11:30.

Gosh, there were a lot of wolves out. Three fellows in a white convertible asked us to go for a ride, but we said no.

Came home and Marge said that Herb and Doots came over at 9:15.”

Today's news:

  • 11,109 VETERANS RETURN TO U. S. ABOARD 4 SHIPS - List Names of Hundreds from Chicagoland
  • CUB FANS HEAR PENNANT BEE'S MERRY BUZZING - Braves and Holmes Here Tomorrow: Grimm-bossed Cub teams always have been strong finishers, and for that reason Chicago fans are hearing buzzings in the ears, said to come from a pennant bee - with more than half the schedule remaining. (Headlines via Chicago Daily Tribune)

--
Herb

Thursday
July 12
1945

Today, Herb called and said he'd be over tonight at 7:30. Doots and Herb came, so we went for a walk in the rain. Stopped in Parnell for a Cherry Coke.

Then Herb and I walked down to 61st & Wallace and sat on the side of the tavern, listening to the juke box. I really had a wonderful time just being with him. I'm crazy about that guy, ummm...”

Notes:

  • A former Englewood resident says the place with the juke box that Dot and Herb listened to, at 61st & Wallace, was called Gus' Tavern.

Today's news:

  • The Cubs split a double header with the Boston Braves; Sox lose to the Senators, 4-2.
  • JAPS FEAR INVASION NEAR! - U.S. TASK FORCE MOVES UNDER RADIO SILENCE
  • 34,000 SOLDIERS HOME AGAIN AS 8 SHIPS COME IN - Captured Jap Diplomats Among Arrivals: More than 34,000 war hardened troops— the largest number to return here in a single day —arrived today aboard eight transports.
  • 500,000 YANKS LEAVE EUROPE IN TWO MONTHS: Redeployment of American battle veterans of the European theater of operations passed the 500,000 mark today, just 60 days after the program to get them home and to the Pacific started.
  • Girls Advised on a Point of Dating Etiquet - Q: ‘I'm a 15-year old girl and have a sister who is 16. [...] We've been wondering lately whether it's all right to ask fellows in after our dates.’

A: If it's still on the bright side of the zero hour when you gals and your dates check in for the evening, and if either your father or mother is still waiting up, it might be fun to have the fellows in for a little while, provided the family approves. You might want to have something to eat if you didn't stop for your usual post-date hamburger and malted milk, or you may want to talk over the movie you saw together or just top off the evening with some extra chatter. —by Sheila Daly, Tribune

(via the July 12, 1945 Chicago Daily Tribune)

--
The Chicago Theatre in 1944. The Walgreen's Drug Store, center, was demolished and replaced by a residential tower in 2007. The Marshall Field's clock, at State and Randolph streets, is at right.

Photo via the Cushman Collection

Friday
July 13
1945

Today was Friday the 13th, and I had a date with Jim. He came at 7:30 and we went downtown to the Chicago Theater and saw A Medal for Benny, and Skinny Ennis and his Orchestra were in person. The show was really swell.

After the show, we went to Minuet's and then came home. Sis and Sunny were on the porch.”


Sis comments:

Skinny Ennis was mom's favorite singer. I almost forgot about him. His famous song was Got a Date With An Angel.*

Notes:

  • The Chicago Theatre was the first large, lavish movie palace in America, with 3,600 seats. Marshall Field's department store supplied the drapes, furniture and interior decoration. During the theatre's early years, it presented movies as well as performers such as John Phillip Sousa, Duke Ellington, Jack Benny, and Benny Goodman. The Chicago was completely refurbished in the 1990s, and now is a venue for live theatre and music. More information here.
  • Bandleader Skinny Ennis sings Linda [audio] and *Got a Date With An Angel [audio].

Today's news:

  • Birthdays today: Harrison Ford (3), Erno Rubik (Rubik's Cube) (1 year old).
  • The Story of GI Joe has its movie premiere.
  • Cubs 2, Braves 0; Senators 3, White Sox 2.
  • CHICAGO GATE FOR 20 MILLION IN WAR TRAVELS - Aid Society Is Ready to Meet Huge Demand: Since V-E began to release our fighting men from Europe, Chicago has been the crossroads of the world at war. The Travelers Aid society estimated yesterday that in the next 10 months an army of 20 million men and women in service will pass thru Chicago.
  • 500 Super Forts Bomb Four Jap Cities and Oil Island - 480 MILE STRIP RAIDED - NAVAL AIR STATION HIT: More than 500 Super Fortresses encountered fighter opposition over only one of five targets and only light antiaircraft fire as they touched off huge ‘red glows’ with 3,000 tons of fire and Incendiary bombs before dawn today at a Tokyo bay oil refinery...
  • SEE 2 MONTHS' CLEAR SKIES FOR BOMBING JAPAN

(via the July 13, 1945 Chicago Daily Tribune)

--
Clockwise from top left: Dee, Dot, Sunny and Sis, in 1944

Anchors Aweigh, with Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra, and Tom & Jerry, had its U.S. premiere on this day.

Saturday
July 14
1945

Today, Dee came over in the evening and so did Sunny. We sat around, drinking Coke, eating caramel corn, and dancing. Had a nice time, considering...

Sunny went home but Dee stayed all night.”


Sis comments:

If Dolores (Dee) is staying overnight, you can be sure that we'll be going to church tomorrow (Sunday) morning. That was the deal!

Today's news:

  • General Eisenhower announces the closure of SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force) and eases some of the restrictions on private contact between American soldiers and German civilians.
  • Over 1,000 U.S. naval aircraft raid Hokkaido, Japan and the port of Kamais.
  • EISENHOWER HOPES ALLIED UNITY WILL POINT WAY TO PEACE: In an order of the day marking the dissolution of SHAEF, Gen. Eisenhower tonight expressed his ‘fervent hope and prayer’ that the unprecedented allied unity during the war would point the way to permanent peace. —Chicago Daily Tribune
  • Cubs 6, Braves 5

--




This Man's Navy (playing today at the Englewood) stars Wallace Beery as dirigible pilot Ned Trumpet, who is jokingly called “Old Gas Bag” by his fellow crewmen. In Frisco Sal, a singer travels to find out who murdered her brother.

Sunday
July 15
1945

This morning, we went to church and really found it quite heartwarming.

Dee, Sis and I went for a Coke, and then went to the Englewood and saw Frisco Sal and This Man's Navy. The show was swell. Also saw two cartoons.

Came home and ate. Led Dee to the streetcar, and on our way home met Jim and Bob Plant. We went to the Shooting Gallery and had a Coke. Herb called.”


Sis comments:

Dee was always trying to save our souls. She meant well, though. I'm glad to find Dot found it heartwarming.

The shooting gallery was near 63rd & Halsted — the same amusement place we had pictures taken, records made, and metal-stamped medallions made also.”

Notes:

  • Whenever Dee stayed over on a Saturday night, the agreement was that she'd bring Dot and Sis to church Sunday morning.

Today's news:

  • NEW TASK FORCE HITS JAPS! - NAVY'S BIGGEST SHIPS BOMBARD HOKKAIDO PORT - 1,000 Carrier Planes Renew Attack - Biggest Ships in Navy Shell Hokkaido: The newest, most powerful battleships in the United States navy are shelling the Hokkaido steel mill port of Muroran, more than 250 miles north of the scene of the fleet's bombardment on Honshu yesterday.
  • OLD PLAN FOR NEW WARS: V-J day is not going to end the necessity of scientific research and development of the instruments of war. The weapons of the next war will be as far beyond those of this war as the weapons every army now uses are ahead of those of 1918. Other nations will be seeking the means of military invincibility. We cannot abandon the contest to them if we would.

(Stories via the July 15, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

  • London's West End is lit once again, ending over 2,000 nights of blackouts and dim-outs.
  • At Wrigley Field, the Cubs beat the NY Giants twice, 5-3 and 7-2. The first place Cubs have won 18 of their last 22 games.

--

Detonation of the world's first nuclear device occurred on this day at the Trinity site, at Alamogordo, New Mexico. Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer had played a key role during the Manhattan Project. News about the test would not be made public for several weeks. [More here]. (video, 1:38)

Swing Out Sister: “A hep-capade of fun... in a serenade of joy!”, on a double feature today at the Stratford. (photo via streetswing.com)

Monday
July 16
1945

Sunny came over about 6:00 and we went to the Stratford. We saw Delightfully Dangerous and Swing Out Sister. Came home at 11:30 and at 12:00 went out again to the China Clipper and had Chop Suey.

Sat on the front steps and who should come along but Ken Seiler. We talked to him for about a half-hour. Learned a lot. Jackson is married.”


Sis comments:

“I don't know who ‘Jackson’ is, but Ken Seiler was usually a ‘loner’ with no romantic attachments to anyone at that time. He just drifted in and out of our lives.

Notes:

  • Dot had seen Delightfully Dangerous before, on May 26th, with Larry.

Today's news:

  • Fleet's Planes Blast 128 Jap Ships- SHELL STEEL CITY 2D DAY - FIRE 1,000 TONS AT PORT - No Defense Offered by Enemy from Air or Sea: Struck anew by more than 1,000 tons of naval shells, Japan's industrial port of Murolan on Hokkaido belched tremendous explosions as the fleet bombardment continued yesterday. Adm. Nimitz announced today.
  • BROOKFIELD ZOO ANIMALS HAVE A ‘POST-WAR PLAN’: Preliminary plans call for a man made mountain for animals of the American west and barless cages for apes. Plastic glass now used in plane turrets, will replace bars to isolate the large apes from the public if the material withstands durability tests.

(Stories via the July 16, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

  • President Truman, Winston Churchill, and Josef Stalin gather in Potsdam to decide the future of the defeated Germany.
  • Cubs 4, Giants 3. The Sox split a double header with the A's.

--


Salome Where She Danced, starring Yvonne DeCarlo.

(photos via tribenawaar.com, moviecrazed.com)

Tuesday
July 17
1945

Helen dropped in today, so I went for a walk and to the cleaners. While we were gone, Marge said Herb called.

Jim and I went to the Southtown and saw Salome Where She Danced and Patrick the Great. They were both good, especially the 1st. Wow-what a woman.

Then went to Minuet and had a hamburger. Sis and Sunny were by Sunny's. So I was with Marge.”

Today's news:

  • FOOD TO REMAIN SHORT UNTIL '46, CIVILIANS TOLD.
  • Jack [Jake] Lamotta Signs to Meet [Sugar Ray] Robinson in Chicago.

    (headlines via the July 17, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

  • The first British-American carrier air strike on the Tokyo area is launched. Allied battleships fire some 2,000 tons of shells on Hitachi in less than one hour.
  • Birthdays today: actor Donald Sutherland (10), jazz pianist Vince Guaraldi (17).
  • Giants 2, Cubs 1.

    --

    Recent events in the news: President Truman travels to Potsdam, Germany; The Ryukyus provide a springboard for U.S. invasion of Japan; Allies establish a presence in Berlin; the British ship HMS Barham capsizes. (Newsreel; 6-min.)

    Wednesday
    July 18
    1945

    Wow, what a very dull day. Sunny came over and then Ginny dropped in for awhile. We went for a walk, and went home and sat around, just gabbing. Boy, I was bored to tears.”

    Today's news:

    • DISCUSS TERMS FOR JAPAN! - TRUMAN CARRIES DRAFT OF PROPOSALS TO BERLIN: With rumors of peace overtures by Japan flooding Washington, it was learned tonight that President Truman took to the Potsdam conference a draft of proposed surrender terms to the enemy. These terms were drafted by the state, war and navy departments.
    • ENGINEERS O. K. 237 MILLION HIGHWAY PLAN - Chicago Program Covers Ten Year Record: A comprehensive program for the expenditure by 1955 ... for the construction of super-highways and improvement of arterial streets in Chicago was recommended yesterday.

    (from the July 18, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

    • At Potsdam, Truman informs Churchill that the July 16th nuclear test has been successful in a note that reads, ‘Baby satisfactorily born.’
    • Birthdays today: NY Yankees manager Joe Torre (5), astronaut John Glenn (24).
    • The Cubs and Giants split; the Sox lose to the Red Sox, 6-2.

      --


      Dot at the Grant Park bandshell in 1944; Buckingham Fountain.

      Thursday
      July 19
      1945

      Today was a nice day. Very nice indeed.

      At 3:00, I went downtown and met Sis and Sunny. We watched the Buckingham Fountain and walked around Grant Park by the lake. Ate a nice lunch there, too.

      Later on watched the sailors play baseball and also listened to the concert at the bandshell in Grant Park. The Navy Band played and they were marvelous. Played all sweet and jive tunes.”


      Sis comments:

      I told you we liked the concerts a lot. The Navy bands were especially good and the sailors walking around Grant Park weren't bad, either. Can't remember ever ‘picking up’ any though, and going out. We were good kids!”

      Today's news:

      • Montgomery Ward chairman Seward Avery is seized by United States Army troops because of the store's refusal to obey National War Labor Board orders.
      • The U.S. Army Air Force strikes Japan with an unprecedented 600 B-29s and 4,000 tons of bombs.
      • Cubs 3, Dodgers 1. White Sox 5, Red Sox 3.

        --


        The first new Oldsmobiles in four years were introduced today. “Style leadership has long been an Oldsmobile tradition [...] Its smart new front-end, tailored grille and massive Wrap-Around Bumpers... all help to make this car the best-looking Oldsmobile in history.”

        (photos via The Old Car Manual Project)

        Friday
        July 20
        1945

        Today Sis and I went to the beach with Sunny. The water was nice and warm. Had a gay old time.

        Came home at 6:00 and dressed and put up my hair. Watched Buckle Haeherts and his sister Helen*. Herb and Doots came over, but Sis pretended she wasn't home. Marge told them we were both at the beach.”


        Sis comments:

        Marge always came thru in a pinch! I can't remember if I was trying to break up with Dutz (or ‘Doots’, as Dot calls him). Maybe I was too beat from being at the beach and my hair was a mess. I guess these guys never called ahead.”

        *Update:
        Lou comments:

        “The boy [“Buckle”] that was mentioned was probably a neighborhood friend of my own age by the name of Donald Hoechertz. Or, as we called him, “hoe carrots”. He lived about two blocks to the south and east, as I recall. I do remember the nickname of “Buckle” or “Bucko”. He was a chubby kid who played with us. The name may have been a modification of Bucky. I do not remember a sister tho.”

        Notes:

        • Sis doesn't say anything about the Haeherts in her recollections. ‘Buckle’ seems an unlikely name, but that's what Dot wrote.

        Today's news:

        • FROM PARIS 1918 TO POTSDAM 1945 [editorial]: Potsdam starts with pessimism and cynicism. The participants ... have just declared that force rules the world and shall not be denied, a description which explains what has happened and forecasts what is to happen.
        • Negro Festival Tonight Will Be F. D. R. Tribute: The sixth annual American Negro Music festival, which will be held tonight in Comiskey park in tribute to the late President Roosevelt, will climax a week's activities in the interest of building good will among all races.
        • New Improved Oldsmobile for 1946 Is Shown: The 1946 Oldsmobiles, incorporating several changes from the 1942 models whose production was halted by the war, were introduced in Detroit yesterday. A new type radiator grille and other exterior changes give the new auto a much different appearance.
        • U. S. CASUALTIES 3,997 - LOWEST IN MANY WEEKS

          (from the July 20, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

        • The movie Christmas In Connecticut debuts in theatres.
        • Dodgers 12, Cubs 5. Red Sox 6, White Sox 3.

            --

            In God Is My Co-Pilot, a 34-year-old flyer, dismissed as too old to fight, is finally given a chance to prove himself. The movie is based on a true story. [More information here; view trailer here.]

            (poster via 39th Fighting Eagle)

            Saturday
            July 21
            1945

            Today was an o.k. day. Sis and I went to the beach and had a nice time, except that we met some girl she knew and she stayed with us all the time. Came home about 6:00. Dressed and sat around. Jim called.

            Bob Plant came around later and took Sis and I downtown to the Apollo and we saw God Is My Co-Pilot****. Had a swell time; came home at 1:30 and sat on the front steps till 3:15. (Ken Seiler came too.)


            Sis comments:

            I can't remember the girl Dot writes about. Probably someone in one of my Englewood High classes. Too bad we couldn't ditch her, for we usually liked to just lay around and not even talk much. It's called relaxing! We went in the water, too, tho, and didn't just bake in the sun. Lots of good times at that beach.”

            Notes:

            • The Apollo Theatre was destroyed by fire in June, 1949. In 1953, a Greyhound bus terminal opened on the site. It was demolished in 1990 and replaced by the Chicago Title & Trust building.

            Today's news:

            • GOAL IS PEACE NOT CONQUEST, TRUMAN SAYS - Speaks at Raising of U.S. Flag in Berlin: President Truman told the world today that the United States does not propose to trade its sacrifices in the bloodiest wars for territorial conquest or monetary gain.
            • AMERICANS WAIT AS BRITISH GET 30,000 BATHTUBS: Spokesmen for American plumbing firms charged yesterday that action taken last April by the federal public housing authority, earmarking 30,000 American made bathtubs for lend-lease shipment to Britain, has drained the domestic market of all surplus bathtubs.

            (from the July 21, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

            • American radio broadcasts call on Japan to surrender or face destruction.
            • At the Potsdam Conference, Truman and Churchill privately agree to use the recently-tested atomic bomb if Japan fails to surrender unconditionally. Meanwhile, the Allies select Nuremberg, Germany as the location for trials of Nazi war leaders.
            • Ernest Hemingway is 46 years old today.
            • Cubs 5, Phillies 3. Yankees 12, White Sox 3.
            • Groucho Marx marries Kay Marvis Gorcey, former wife of “Dead End Kid” Leo Gorcey.

                --


                A family of pickpockets fleeces servicemen in Main Street After Dark [view trailer here.]

                (images via Turner Classic Movies)

                Sunday
                July 22
                1945

                Sis and I went to the Englewood today and saw Music for Millions (again) and Main Street After Dark, also cartoon.

                After the show, Sunny and Josephine (from Cicero) came over and we took a walk down 63rd. They went home and Sis and I sat on the front steps. Bob Plant came around so Sis and I went with him and had a Coke. Came back and went in the house and played Monopoly. (I won.)

                By the way, met Jim about 8:30 and Sis and I went with him for a Coke to Parnell.”


                Sis comments:

                Josephine was Sunny's cousin. We didn't have much in common, and I'm not sure even if Sunny did.

                First we had a Coke with Bob and then again later with Jim. No wonder the owner of Parnell's, Jim, let us sit around so much—we brought the business.”

                Today's news:

                • Q: How does one go about acquiring a line? It seems essential to any gal who expects to date.

                A: [Sheila John Daly - advice columnist]: There is a big difference between a line and the ability to keep up an interesting conversation. A line is just a lot of con talk used to string the boys along. A good conversationalist is one who has a stock of interests and anecdotes and knows how to use them when the conversation gets a little thin around the edges [...] Boys still like their gals honest— remember the old adage: A straight line is the shortest distance between two dates.

                • ANNOUNCE FINE ARTS PROGRAM AT ENGLEWOOD - Southtown Club to Hold Benefit Party: The fine arts department of Englewood Woman's club will open its fall program with a lecture by Mrs. Joseph J. Jaeger Oct. 22. Her subject will be “Color in Our Lives.”

                (via the July 22, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

                • The Japanese government announces that it is open to peace negotiations, but not to threats.
                • The Cubs split a double header with the Phillies; the White Sox beat the Yankees, 6-5.
                • Swedish screenwriter and director Ingmar Bergman marries Ellen Lundström, his second marriage.
                • Celebrating birthdays today: Rose Kennedy, mother of President John F. Kennedy (55); artist Edward Hopper (63).

                    --

                    It's In The Bag features radio stars Jack Benny and Fred Allen.


                    I'll Be Seeing You: “They came from different worlds, these two... living a lie... fearing their past!”

                    (poster via Ravin' Maven)

                    Monday
                    July 23
                    1945

                    Sis and I got up early today and went to the beach (10:30). Stayed there till 6:00. Came home with a very sunburned body.

                    We dressed and Jim came over, so I went to the Southtown with him and saw I'll Be Seeing You and It's In The Bag. They were both very good. Came home and then Sis and I went to Tasty's for pie and Coke.”


                    Sis comments:

                    “The beach— again and again. Home by 11. I can't believe the late hours we kept, and especially how we walked thru the park to get to 63rd & Stony Island. And then Sunny walked home —by herself— after that!”

                    Today's news:

                    • 791 JAP CRAFT - 14 DAY TOLL - Carrier Planes Sink 12, Damage 9 in Raid on Tokyo Bay - HIT BATTLESHIP - BLAST CONVOY FIVE MILES OUT- Bag 596 Planes in Two Weeks: BULLETIN: Breaking his silence on the results of the American-British carrier plane raid into Tokyo bay last Wednesday, Adm. Nimitz announced today that 12 Japanese ships had been sunk and nine, including a battleship, damaged in the Yokosuka naval base.
                    • CRITICS ASSERT HIGHWAY PLANS ARE INADEQUATE - Cite Need for Near North Side Artery: ‘Super-highways must be connected and they must serve the heart of the city’, said Charles M. Hayes, president of the Chicago Motor club. [An] expressway off Halsted st. ... would lead to the proposed south side super-highway, about which a controversy still is brewing.
                    • CITY SWELTERS AT 90.8 WITH 50% HUMIDITY

                      (via the July 23, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

                      • White Sox 1, Yankees 0.
                      • #1 on this week's Hit Parade: On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe - Johnny Mercer [audio clip]

                      --

                      Near Berlin, the Potsdam Conference continues. Stalin, Truman and Churchill (above) confer on politics and strategy. Truman informs Stalin that a new and powerful weapon is now available for use against Japan but does not elaborate. Stalin had been receiving news of the Manhattan Project siince 1941, through the Soviet espionage network in the U.S. [More here]

                      Tuesday
                      July 24
                      1945

                      Boy, today is really hot outside. Sat around all day and in the evening we went to the beach with Jim, Sunny, Sis and I. Met Totten later on. We really had a gay old time. Walked down on the pier. It started to lightning and thunder, so we came home about 11:00. Sunny didn't stay overnight. Went straight to bed.”

                      Today's news:

                      • Blistering Heat Brings Plea of Needy for Ice: The rasping call of the iceman was music to the ears of many of the city's needy [Tuesday].
                      • 2 BIG AIR FLEETS HIT JAPAN - 600 B-29s RAID 2 CITIES: A record breaking strike by more than 600 B-29s attacked industrial targets in the Osaka-Nagoya region with nearly 4,000 tons ot explosives at noon today.
                      • JAPS PREPARED FOR BAD NEWS FROM POTSDAM

                      (via the July 24 & 25, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

                      • Cubs 8, Phillies 3.

                      --

                      Sunny in 1945

                      Wednesday
                      July 25
                      1945

                      Sis, Son and I went to the beach quite early, and later in the afternoon met Totten there. There were enormous waves and it really was swell.

                      We went home at 6:00, and then Sis and I went by Sunny's house. Went for a hamburger at some odd place with a screwy young waiter. Came home and ate potato pancakes and Scotch broth & tomato juice. Went to bed early.”


                      Sis comments:

                      We ate potato pancakes and Scotch broth and tomato juice. What a combination! How could Dot sleep?!

                      I'd almost forgotten about Campbell's Scotch Broth soup. We had it a lot. Our favorite. Sort of like Vegetable soup but a more meaty flavor. I wonder if they still make it?”

                      Notes:

                      • Campbell's still sells Scotch Broth. More about this soup:

                      Traditionally Scotch Broth is a bit of everything thrown into the pot and is quite a filling soup. In olden days Scots would eat this as a main meal. In modern times many Scottish households still serve Scotch Broth as a main meal rather than a starter soup. Ingredients can be substituted depending on your own tastes. It's best made the day before to allow the full flavour to soak through. We make a huge pot of it and boil it up each day, adding more tatties and water as needed. It is very warming when eaten during the winter and is popular on New Year’s Day. Scotch broth soup is sometimes called Barley Broth soup. —via Scottish Recipes

                      Today's news:

                      • Cooler Today After Year's High of 99.4: A sudden thunderstorm broke Chicago's four day heat wave this morning after a torrid day yesterday in which the mercury climbed to 99.4 degrees. The storm followed an earlier prediction of cooler temperatures for today with maximums of 78 near the lake and 83 elsewhere.
                      • 54,814 SOLDIERS TRAVEL IN DAY - SET RAIL RECORD: Railroads on July 11 transported 54,814 soldiers, the highest total in history for any single day, it was announced yesterday.
                      • POST-WAR AIR OUTLOOK HOLDS JOBS FOR VETS - Predict Vast Gains in Traffic: The country's commercial air lines, with prospects of a large volume of post-war business from an increasingly air minded public, will offer attractive job opportunities for veterans, especially the younger army and navy trained air men.

                      (via the July 25, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

                      • U.S. air strikes sink the Japanese battleships Hyuga, Ise, and Haruna, the escort carrier Kaiyo, and cruisers Aoba and Iwate, with little resistance.
                      • The Potsdam conference recesses. Churchill returns to Britain. Truman issues orders that the new atomic weapon be readied as soon as possible.

                      --

                      Sis and Dot at the piano, 1946


                      WLS Radio's popular National Barn Dance show was the inspiration for the movie. More information here.

                      (poster via wlshistory.com)

                      Thursday
                      July 26
                      1945

                      “Got up early and ate. Mom came and looked at the piano and bought it.

                      Sis, Sunny and I went down 63rd and later on went to the Englewood and saw Practically Yours and National Barn Dance. Both were keen. Also saw 5 acts of vaudeville. It was very cool outside.

                      Later on we went to Tasty's and had pie, Coke and a hamburger. Came home and washed my hair, put it up, and went to bed.”


                      Sis comments:

                      The piano Mom looked at and bought was at Sunny's Dad's tavern, and was my 16th birthday present. It was the beautiful cherrywood player piano that was later destroyed in the flooded basement on Talman Ave. We had a lot of good times with it.”

                      Notes:

                      • After Dot & Sis got married, their mom and dad moved from their apartment on 61st & Normal to a two-flat in the Brighton Park neighborhood. Photos and other memorabilia were among the posessions that were ruined in the flood, along with Sis' birthday present.

                      Today's news:

                      • ALLIES WIPE OUT 2,500 JAPANESE IN BURMA TRAP
                      • FIND HUNDREDS DEAD IN FLOODED BERLIN SUBWAY
                      • EXPECT TRUMAN TO TELL BIG 3 FACTS ON RADIO: President Truman is expected to report to the nation by radio on results of the Big Three conference immediately after he returns to Washington, if congress has recessed, it was announced tonight.

                      (via the July 26, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

                      • The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom July 5th general election by a landslide, removing Winston Churchill from power.
                      • The Potsdam Declaration is signed. The agreement states that if Japan does not surrender, it will face ‘prompt and utter destruction’.
                      • Born on this day: actress Helen Mirren (The Queen).
                      • Birthdays today: Mick Jagger (2), Stanley Kubrick (17), George Bernard Shaw (89).

                      --

                      Dot at bat

                      Friday
                      July 27
                      1945

                      “Got up early and Sis, Sunny , Bob Plant, Jim and I went to the beach. Stopped at Walgreen's and had a milk shake (chocolate). The waves at the beach were terrific, but the water was warm. Played ball and just fooled around. Left at 3:30.

                      Later in the evening, dressed, and Dell, Johnny and their two kids came over. Sis and I went to Parnell, but the booths were full.”

                      Notes:

                      • Dell & Johnny are Dot's aunt and uncle; Bob Plant will later become Ginny's boyfriend and, eventually, her husband).

                      Today's news:

                      • 350 B-29s BOMB KYUSHU, SHIKOKU FACTORY CITIES - Drop Incendiaries Third Time in Four Days: More than 350 American B-29s firebombed three Japanese cities today starting general conflagrations.
                      • ONE BATTLESHIP, ONE CARRIER ALL JAPAN HAS LEFT
                      • PLAN TO CRUSH JAPS IN SINGLE BLOW BY ARMY: The United States army plans to deploy 7,000,000 soldiers in a knockout blow against Japan, instead of attempting to do the job "piecemeal."
                      • U. S. CASUALTIES 1,058,842 - UP 5,741 IN WEEK
                      • REDS EXPECTING SOVIET AMERICA WITHIN 5 YEARS: A prediction by Soviet Dictator Stalin that the United States faces an economic crisis in the post-war period evoked loud cheers at the opening of a secret convention of American communist leaders today.

                      (via the July 27, 1945 Chicago Tribune)

                      • American B-29s drop 600,000 leaflets over 11 Japanese cities warning that they are targeted for bombing raids.
                      • Cubs 2, Reds 1, at Wrigley Field.
                      • The first place Tigers beat the Sox 1-0 at Detroit.

                      --

                      At 9:49 am, a U.S. Army B-25 bomber, while flying in thick fog, crashed into the north side of Empire State Building, hitting between the 79th and 80th floor. Fourteen people were killed — 11 in the building, along with three occupants of the plane.

                      “The towering Empire State Building that is a city of 102 stories, reaching 1,250 feet high, ‘moved’ twice yesterday when struck by the bomber and then it ‘settled’. [...] What had happened was something that New Yorkers had long feared, particularly since the war. A low-flying airplane, fog-bound, had crashed into the city's tallest structure. [...] For most of the afternoon the upper stories were shrouded in mist and a good part of that time smoke continued to pour from the seventy and eighty-floor levels.”

                      (July 29, 1945 The New York Times)

                      Saturday
                      July 28
                      1945

                      Sis, Marge, Baby Lee and I went to the beach. It rained, so we came home about 1:00. Awfully dreary afternoon.

                      Later in the evening, Sis and I went to Sunny's house. Had a swell time eating and talking. Played Monopoly (I won). Went to bed at 1:00. On the way to Sunny's, saw Eleanor, Richard K., and Lawrence.”


                      Sis comments:

                      Dot always won at Monopoly or else she only wrote about it when she did win. Richard K. and Lawrence were Dot's old grammar school heart throbs. Not much written about them, so I guess she was over them by now.”

                      Notes:

                      Today's news:

                      • 19-HOUR HOP TO PARIS IS PLANNED BY TWA: Paris will be only fifteen hours from New York and nineteen and one-half hours from Kansas City. The airline said the flight time was computed on the performance of the Lockheed Constellation, the fifty-seven-passenger plane conceived by TWA for both foreign and domestic service.
                      • 20,000 IN CHICAGO END PLANE ENGINE STRIKE: The three-day strike of more than 20,000 workers at the Dodge plant here of the Chrysler Corporation, which halted production of Superfortress engines urgently needed, was suddenly ended today.

                      (NY Times)

                      • Japanese Premier Suzuki declares Japan will ‘take no notice’ of the recent Potsdam Declaration.
                      • 2,000 Allied planes bomb Kure and Kobe, Japan.
                      • Near Okinawa, the American destroyer Callaghan is sunk in what will become the final Japanese kamikaze attack of the war.
                      • The movie A Song to Remember premieres.
                      • 16 years old today: Jacqueline Bouvier (Kennedy-Onassis).
                      • The Cubs defeat the Reds for the eleventh time in a row, 8-3.
                      • Detroit 8, White Sox 3.

                      --

                      Curly Top (1935) with Shirley Temple.


                      King Kong (1933; 7 min).

                      Sunday
                      July 29
                      1945

                      “Got up early and went to Sunny's show and saw Curly Top and Gypsy Wildcat. Both were swell.

                      Came home about 5:30 and Marge said Herb and Doots came over last night around 8:00. Helped Mom with supper. Ceil and Joe came over.

                      Sis and I dressed and went to Parnell to meet Bob P. and Jim. Had a Coke and met Sunny, then the 4 of us took an L and went to the Grand to see King Kong — swells.

                      Jim gripes me. I can't stand him.”


                      Sis comments:

                      See what I meant about Herb and Doots never calling? I guess they both thought we sat around, waiting for them to come over whenever they felt like it. This irked Dot, too. I'm surprised she didn't mention it (so far) in her diary.

                      Ceil & Joe must have been Dad's brother & his wife.

                      King Kong was really great and I remember when we went to see it downtown on this day. Too bad Jim was along for Dot!”

                      Notes:

                      • The Grand, at 119 N. Clark St., was built in 1880, originally seating 1,500 (later 1,200). It was remodeled in the 1940s for movies. In 1958 the building was demolished. The Richard J. Daley Civic Center and a Picasso sculpture now occupy the area.

                      Today's news:

                      • BOMB 6 DOOMED JAP CITIES - 17 B-29 FORCES SET FIRES - FLEET BURNS 5 WARSHIPS - 60 Super Forts Fuel at Iwo on Hop of 3,700 Miles: Seven task forces totaling 550 to 600 Super Fortresses early today rained fire bombs on six Japanese cities of the 11 which the B-29 command warned yesterday would be destroyed unless Japan surrendered.
                      • DDT EXPERIMENT HERALDS KNELL OF FLY SWATTER: Fly swatters and horse nets may go the way of the dodo bird if the current fly extermination campaign on Michigan's Mackinac Island is a success.

                      (Chicago Tribune)

                      • The USS Indianapolis, returning to the U.S. after delivering atomic bomb components to the Mariana Islands, is sunk by a Japanese submarine. Secrecy surrounding the mission results in the Indianapolis not being missed for several days.
                      • The Potsdam Conference resumes.
                      • 76 years old today: novelist Booth Tarkington (Alice Adams, The Magnificent Ambersons).
                      • The first-place Cubs, in winning a double header with the Reds, have won 24 of their last 29 games.
                      • The Sox lose to the Tigers, 4-2.

                      --

                      The wartime housing shortage inspires a widow to propose a marriage of convenience with an inventor in Without Love, starring Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy, and Lucille Ball. [view trailer here]

                      (photo via Turner Classic Movies)



                      Joel McCrea stars as a widower who has long been suspected of bringing about his wife's death, in The Unseen.

                      (poster via City Pages)



                      Above: a dramatization of the events following the torpedoing of the USS Indianapolis.

                      Early on the morning of July 30, returning from a secret mission to deliver atomic bomb components, the USS Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and sank in twelve minutes. Only 317 of the 1,196 men on board survived. The captain of the Indianapolis was court martialed on charges of “failing to zig-zag”. More information here.

                      Monday
                      July 30
                      1945

                      Marge told us Doots came over last nite right after we left for Parnell. Oh gee whiz...

                      Marge, Sis and I got up early and went downtown for a job. But no soap, so came home all hot and bothered.

                      Sis and I went to the Southtown and saw Without Love and The Unseen. Wonderful.

                      Came home, sat on the front steps. Jim came and sat with us, then Ken Seiler, Bob P., and later Chuck. Nice night.


                      Sis comments:

                      Our front steps were a regular local hangout. I wonder how we fit one and all. And why was Ken Seiler hanging around so much?

                      I have to laugh at Dot & I looking for a job, when summer is almost over. I don't think our hearts were really in it!”

                      Today's news:

                      • FORD, 82 TODAY, SEES GREATEST PROSPERITY ERA: Henry Ford, who will be 82 today, asserted in a statement that “the nation and the world are on the threshold of a prosperity and standard of living that never before was considered possible. [...] There are problems— human, economic and political— that must be solved ... there must be more and more industry, more and more competition for greater excellence in quality.”
                      • 4,477 MORE JAPS KILLED ON LUZON - 587 CAPTURED
                      • ‘MOST HIT’ U. S. CARRIER SINKS 80 JAP SHIPS - Intrepid's Planes, Guns Bag 650 Aircraft
                      • RADIO NETWORKS BREAK OUT WITH WHODUNIT RASH: If there is any trend in network shows this summer it is an increased swing toward more detective and mystery shows. There are dozens of them on the networks and major stations. New ones have been added, some old ones revived.

                      (Chicago Tribune)

                      • Food shortages lead the Japanese government to call on its citizens to collect 2.5 million bushels of acorns.
                      • Detroit 4, Sox 2.

                      --

                      The Benny Goodman Orchestra plays Roll 'Em (from The Powers Girl, 1942)


                      In April 1945, Benny Goodman's album Hot Jazz had reached the Top Ten on the newly instituted album charts. Goodman reorganized his big band and scored three more Top Ten hits during 1945, among them Gotta Be This or That (audio clip), which just missed hitting number one. —All Music Guide

                      (image via Warren Plank Consulting)

                      Tuesday
                      July 31
                      1945

                      Sis and I got up sort of early and went to Cromwell Paper Co. Got there and changed our minds, so went downtown. There was a parade, and Benny Goodman was playing —Jive—.

                      Came home and dressed and went to the beach with Sis, Sonny, Sunny, and Ken Seiler. Swam about a half-hour and it started to lightning. Was really quite a storm. The waves tossed and we came home drenched.


                      Sis comments:

                      I remember going to Cromwell Paper Co. It was in a manufacturing area near the loop. We didn't care for factory jobs and that's what it was. It wasn't a total loss tho, for Benny Goodman was great!

                      A busy day. I can't believe we had the energy to go to the beach after all that. Ahh, youth!”

                      Notes:

                      • Cromwell Paper Co. may have been located at 4801 S. Whipple, about 6 miles from Dot's— which, if true, was not as close to the loop as Sis thought. The company evidently is known today as Cromwell-Phoenix, 74th & Pulaski.
                      • The Chicago Daily Tribune notes various Air Force Day events —including a parade— taking place downtown on Wednesday (Aug. 1st), but not today, Tuesday. There may have been a parade on Tuesday as well. Another guess is that Dot got behind in her diary, and then later mixed-up the days & events.

                      Today's news:

                      • AIR FORCES, 38 TODAY [see Notes above], TO SHOW THRILL RESCUE - B-17 Will Parachute Boat Into Lake: An army air forces B-17 Flying Fortress will drop a 3,500 pound sea rescue boat by parachute into Lake Michigan at the foot of Jackson blvd. at 1:30 p.m. today. [...] Gen. Eaker ... will review a parade of civil air patrol cadets down State st. With him on the reviewing stand at State and Madison sts. will be Mayor Kelly. The parade is scheduled to start at State and Van Buren sts. at 12:15 p.m.
                      • WAVES at Great Lakes Parade to Mark 3d Year: 500 of the 1800 girls on duty at the station marched to the music of a band and a drum corps [celebrating] the third anniversary of their branch.
                      • Tokyo ‘Deserted City’: Ships of this giant task force moved in close to the shores of Japan today as carrier planes blasted the enemy mainland. Pilots returning from early strikes against fogshrouded Honshu Island reported they met no air opposition.
                      • HITLER MAY BE ALIVE, RUSSIAN GENERAL ADMITS: ‘We do not exclude the possibility that Hitler is alive,’ said Gen. Alexander Gorbatov, commanding the Red army's zone of Berlin and acting commandant of the entire city.
                      • MILLION YANKS TO RETURN IN NEXT 5 MONTHS

                      (Chicago Tribune)

                      • 33 years old today: columnist Irv Kupcinet.
                      • Cleveland 6, Sox 5.

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